Formatting In The Chicago Style
Chicago-style papers always have a lot of different parts, like a title page, headings, quotes, footnotes, endnotes, and so on. You should use the newest version of the Chicago/Turabian style manual to organize and format every part of the paper.
In this part of our guide, we’ll take a closer look at each part of this style and explain the main rules and tips for formatting it correctly.
The title/cover page is the first page of a written work that lists the title, subtitle, author, and other important information. In simple terms, it is the beginning of your paper. You must follow certain rules to structure and format this page according to the Chicago or Turabian style guide.
- The paper’s title should appear in the middle of the page and one-third below the top. If it’s longer than one line, you must put two spaces between each word.
- After the title, insert your full name(in the middle of the page as well).
- At the bottom of the page, write your course number, your teacher’s name, and the date. These should be on separate lines with two spaces between them.
- All of the text on the title page must be double-spaced and centered. There shouldn’t be a page number on the title page.
Main Body Text
The main body is the largest and most important part of any school paper. That’s where the author should explain the topic, list the main points, and back up his claims with good arguments and proof. More so, the Chicago style formatting guide says that this part of your text needs to be put together in a certain way. Our experts, who can write your assignments for you, have put together a list of the general rules and suggestions that apply to the main body of the text:
- All titles in the paper, notes, and bibliography should be written with capital letters like in a headline.
- Depending on the source type, you should write titles in the paper, the notes, and the bibliography in italics or quotation marks.
- Italicize all the names of big volumes of works, like magazines, books, long poems, and plays.
- Most times, the names of most poems (except the long ones) are put between two quotation marks:
- All titles of short works, like articles or chapters, are put in quotation marks.
- Regarding titles that don’t fit into any of the above categories, the Chicago style format says to use as few capital letters as possible. So, make sure to only use uppercase letters when you need to.
- Also, don’t use italics or quotation marks when they aren’t needed. You should use the right format for quotes based on how long they are. All quotes with five or more lines must use the blockquote style. We’ll look at this point in more depth later in this guide.
In the Chicago Style Format, the capitalization for headings should be like a headline. You might use different levels of headings and subheadings in your work, and it’s important to make each one clear. You can do this by placing all subheadings on a new line. The format should be the same for all headings at the same level.
For instance, you might use a big font for the heading of a chapter, a bold font for the heading of a section, and italics for a subheading. The style manual suggests a maximum of three levels of hierarchy which the font styles or other formatting should distinguish.
You can use block quotes if you want to put in a quote with five lines or more (or over a hundred words) or a poem with two lines or more.
When using block quotes, there are no quotation marks. Use a blank, new line to separate the top and bottom of a block quote from the text around it. There is also an extra half-inch space on each side of block quotes, and it would help if you indented them with a word processing tool. They are not double-spaced like the rest of the text. Instead, they are single-spaced.
Numbers and Abbreviations
Regarding numbers, it is vital to follow specific rules defined in the style manual. In particular, the style guide suggests using words instead of numerals for all numbers under 100. For example: Use “twenty-three” instead of “23” The only time this rule doesn’t apply is when you are talking about a certain measurement. Then, you should use numerals instead of words. For example: Use “47 pounds” instead of “forty-seven pounds”.
When you use an acronym for the first time in your text, you must explain what it stands for according to the Chicago style. For example: According to the ASO (Administrative Services Organization), etc.
The other times the word is used in the text don’t need to be explained. So, once you explain what an acronym stands for the first time you use it in a text, you can just use the acronym by itself from then on.
Numbers and acronyms can’t be written at the beginning of a sentence. It is suggested that these kinds of sentences be rewritten so that numbers and acronyms show up somewhere else, like this:
- Instead of “400 workers provided data for the study,”
write “The study collected data from 400 workers.”
- Instead of “ASO has some research-based groups,”
write, “Many research-based groups grew out of the ASO organization.”
Or, you can start a sentence with a number or acronym if you write out the full number of the full phrase:
“Three hundred sixty workers provided data for the study.” “Administrative Services Organization has several research-based groups.”
Footnotes and endnotes are often used in papers written in the Chicago/Turabian style. They are used to give references or to comment on the part of the text where they are used.
Endnotes are used at the end of the work(mostly long texts with lots of citations), while footnotes are at the bottom of the page. Most scholarly works use footnotes because they are easy to use for quick referencing and can also be used to add extra bits of information that aren’t necessary but might be interesting to the reader.
Students often choose footnotes over long, hard-to-understand bibliography pages because footnotes have more information. The main rules for endnotes and footnotes are:
- Most of the time, they are used for talking about other works in the text. i.e. referencing.
- Put a number in parentheses after a quote or paraphrase to give credit to a source.
- You should put the numbers for citations in order.
- Each number should match a reference, a footnote, or an endnote.
- You should put on endnotes a page called “endnotes.” It should have a title. It should come before the page with the list of sources.
- Footnotes in the Chicago style must be at the bottom of the page where they are used.
Most papers written in the Chicago style end with a bibliography, which is a list of all the sources used to write the paper, including those mentioned in the footnotes.
- Bibliographies in the Chicago style should be called “Bibliography” at the top center of the page.
- They should have their entries in order of the alphabet.
- They should include all the works that were cited in the paper and any other relevant sources.
Bibliographies and reference lists don’t need to be double-spaced, but there should be a blank line between each entry.
The Chicago Manual of Style says that authors can use either the notes and bibliography or the author-date style to cite their work.
The author-date style means that you put all of your references right in the text, in parentheses. As the name suggests, this style requires you to say who wrote the source and when it was published when you refer to it in the text. There are a few ways to use these kinds of references in a paper:
According to Name (Year),
In the book “Book name” (Name Year),
The notes and bibliography style is another way to cite your paper. With this style, authors have to put a number next to each reference in the text and give a citation for each number in either the footnotes or the endnotes. The numbers should go at the end of a sentence or clause that includes information from an outside source, after any punctuation mark other than a dash.